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Friday, March 12, 2010

The Impact of Japan Occupation in Indonesia

1. The Impact in Politic
Japan prohibited Indonesian people to allied and to have group community since they occupied Indonesia. Therefore, they liquidated all movement organizations established on Dutch colonialism, except MIAI. MIAI then liquidated too and change into Masyumi.
The leader of national movement decided to have cooperative attitude during Japan colonialism era. By this attitude, they were able to have a position in organizations made by Japan, such as Gerakan 3A (3A Movement), Putera and Cuo Sangi In. Beside that, the movement national leaders were also made use of defensive units constructed by Japan, like Jawa Hokokai, Heiho, Peta, etc. The aim of Japan policy was to attract sympathy and mobilized Indonesian people to help Japan in war against allied forces. Nevertheless, this policy had been used by Indonesian leaders movement so that it has given more advantages to the Indonesian people struggle.
Thus, Japan has succeed to control activities of national movements, but they were not able to stop the increasing of nationality sense of Indonesian people to have freedom.

2. Economy
Japan tried to obtain and to dominate all raw resource for Japan war industry. Japan divided the plans into two step :
  1. Occupation step, that is to dominated all resource available, including what has belong to Dutch.
  2. Step to reconstruction economy area for war supplier. In accordance to this step, so that economy war design planned that every region has to apply autarki. (find out what is the meaning of autarki, and explain)
In 1944 the need of food and war increased rapidly. Japan has started a campaign of materials mobilization and increased the stocks of food. this was done by Jawa Hokokai and nagyo kumiai (Agriculture Cooperation), and other government institutions. The food mobilization was carried out by giving to the government the result of harvest. From harvest gathered, people own 40% and 30% must be given to the government, and the other 30% were store as seedling.
This policy has made Indonesian people suffered very much. Forest cutting has produce flood, harvest gathered submitted had made people lack of food, nutrient decrease, and stamina descend. As a result, there were many starvations happen in many regions, diseases spread out, and many death incidents. Moreover, the lack of clothing has been made many people in villages wore cloth from "gunny sack" or "bagor", even there were wore sheet of rubbers.
(to be continued........)

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