English French German Spain Italian Dutch

Russian Brazil Japanese Korean Arabic Chinese Simplified
Translate Widget by Google

Wednesday, March 17, 2010

Sa Huynh Civilization

Sa Huynh civilization was located on Vietnam seashore in the end of Bronze age. Sa Huynh was a littoral village located in south of Da Nang, between Thua Thein and Dong Nai river delta in Quang Nam province. There were about 200 large water jar graves found in Sa Huyn in 1909. Since then, there were more large water jar graves in about 50 of archaeological site. Carbon test showed that Sa Huyn culture was as in the same age as Dongson culture, that is around in the first century BC.
Sa Huynh culture produced their own pattern of tools from bronze. The proponents of Sa Huynh culture were also has a high skill in handicraft, such as ornaments and carved object made of stones and glasses. Archaeologist was also found that iron have been also used by Sa Huynh community while Dongson was still applied bronze.
At that time, the death people were burried in a grave contains many tools made of iron and ornaments made of agat and jasper. In one of large water jar grave, the scientist found 3,000 small things made of various materials, such as: glasses, gold, and agat. It has become a big collection in South-East Asia for the same kind of things. It was also found cooking pots that show the people have produce rice.
Sa huynh various ornaments were also found in Thailand, Taiwan, Philipines, and Indonesia. It indicated that there was a trade relationship between Sa Huynh people with its neighborhood in South-East Asia, both trough land or sea.
Based on research carried out by Solheim II stated that earthenware vessels tradition in Indonesia influenced by the same tradition developed in South-East Asia, that was Sa huynh-Kalanay and Bau-Malay. Sa Huynh tradition mainly developed in area of Sa Huynh (Vietnam) and Kalanay (Philipines), while tradition of Bau-Malay mainly developed in East Malaysia, Philipines, South China, North Vietnam, Taiwan, and Indonesia. Both tradition differentiated based on pattern and the way of made of.
The earthenware vessels tradition in our archipilago developed since Mesolithikum age. In this age the tradition developed in some complex, they were West Java complex, which distributed in Anyer (Banten), Leuwiliang (Bogor), Kramat Jati (Jakarta), and Rengasdenglok (Karawang): South Sulawesi complex (Kalumpang); and Bali complex (Gilimanuk).

Baca juga ini:

No comments: